[Devel] [PATCH RHEL7 COMMIT] ms/inotify: Extend ioctl to allow to request id of new watch descriptor

Konstantin Khorenko khorenko at virtuozzo.com
Wed Feb 14 16:19:59 MSK 2018

The commit is pushed to "branch-rh7-3.10.0-693.17.1.vz7.43.x-ovz" and will appear at https://src.openvz.org/scm/ovz/vzkernel.git
after rh7-3.10.0-693.17.1.vz7.43.5
commit 46e66f7faa187d0b4d266f8ba7ffc998239a43de
Author: Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai at virtuozzo.com>
Date:   Wed Feb 14 16:19:59 2018 +0300

    ms/inotify: Extend ioctl to allow to request id of new watch descriptor
    [This patch is accepted in ms and is going to main tree.
     As there is no idr_set_cursor() in 3.10 I've directly
     used data->idr.cur on port].
    Watch descriptor is id of the watch created by inotify_add_watch().
    It is allocated in inotify_add_to_idr(), and takes the numbers
    starting from 1. Every new inotify watch obtains next available
    number (usually, old + 1), as served by idr_alloc_cyclic().
    CRIU (Checkpoint/Restore In Userspace) project supports inotify
    files, and restores watched descriptors with the same numbers,
    they had before dump. Since there was no kernel support, we
    had to use cycle to add a watch with specific descriptor id:
            while (1) {
                    int wd;
                    wd = inotify_add_watch(inotify_fd, path, mask);
                    if (wd < 0) {
                    } else if (wd == desired_wd_id) {
                            ret = 0;
                    inotify_rm_watch(inotify_fd, wd);
    (You may find the actual code at the below link:
    The cycle is suboptiomal and very expensive, but since there is no better
    kernel support, it was the only way to restore that. Happily, we had met
    mostly descriptors with small id, and this approach had worked somehow.
    But recent time containers with inotify with big watch descriptors
    begun to come, and this way stopped to work at all. When descriptor id
    is something about 0x34d71d6, the restoring process spins in busy loop
    for a long time, and the restore hungs and delay of migration from node
    to node could easily be watched.
    This patch aims to solve this problem. It introduces new ioctl
    INOTIFY_IOC_SETNEXTWD, which allows to request the number of next created
    watch descriptor from userspace. It simply calls idr_set_cursor() primitive
    to populate idr::idr_next, so that next idr_alloc_cyclic() allocation
    will return this id, if it is not occupied. This is the way which is
    used to restore some other resources from userspace. For example,
    /proc/sys/kernel/ns_last_pid works the same for task pids.
    The new code is under CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE #define, so small system
    may exclude it.
    Signed-off-by: Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai at virtuozzo.com>
    Reviewed-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov at openvz.org>
    Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm at linux-foundation.org>
 fs/notify/inotify/inotify_user.c | 14 ++++++++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/inotify.h     |  8 ++++++++
 2 files changed, 22 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/notify/inotify/inotify_user.c b/fs/notify/inotify/inotify_user.c
index cc39a5d84a0e..fe93507e4d98 100644
--- a/fs/notify/inotify/inotify_user.c
+++ b/fs/notify/inotify/inotify_user.c
@@ -309,6 +309,20 @@ static long inotify_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
 		ret = put_user(send_len, (int __user *) p);
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		if (arg >= 1 && arg <= INT_MAX) {
+			struct inotify_group_private_data *data;
+			data = &group->inotify_data;
+			spin_lock(&data->idr_lock);
+			data->idr.cur = (unsigned int)arg;
+			spin_unlock(&data->idr_lock);
+			ret = 0;
+		}
+		break;
 	return ret;
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/inotify.h b/include/uapi/linux/inotify.h
index e6bf35b2dd34..ce8ac99480fa 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/inotify.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/inotify.h
@@ -70,5 +70,13 @@ struct inotify_event {
+ * ioctl numbers: inotify uses 'I' prefix for all ioctls,
+ * except historical FIONREAD, which is based on 'T'.
+ *
+ * INOTIFY_IOC_SETNEXTWD: set desired number of next created
+ * watch descriptor.
+ */
+#define INOTIFY_IOC_SETNEXTWD	_IOW('I', 0, __s32)
 #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_INOTIFY_H */

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