[Devel] Re: i2o hardware hangs (ASR-2010S)

Vasily Averin vvs at sw.ru
Mon Aug 14 07:02:19 PDT 2006

Hello Mark,

I've tested your driver and unfortunately found bug in scsi host reset handler:

adpt_reset (on kernels <= KERNEL_VERSION(2,6,12) it called with host_lock taken)
     spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, flags); <<<<< deadlock

Also I've noticed that adpt_hba_reset() can be called also from adpt_ioctl() and
it have taken host_lock too on the kernel >= KERNEL_VERSION(2,5,65).

However currently I do not understand how to fix this issue correctly.

Thank you,
	Vasily Averin

Salyzyn, Mark wrote:
> I had sent you the driver source in a previous email, I am sending it
> again. Please keep me in the loop since latest model kernels (we have
> customers that confirm 2.6.16) may require changes in the driver to
> compile.
> Since the kernel.org policy is to focus on the i2o driver being beefed
> up, no patches or changes are accepted for the dpt_i2o driver into the
> kernel. Sad that we had just finished a stint beefing up the dpt_i2o
> driver just before that decision was made ...
> The comments about error recovery were meant as a starting point, it
> looks like Markus will have the final say.
> As for the timeouts, I referred to DASD (Disk) targets. 3 minute for
> RAID devices in a rolling timeout  is used to deal with situations that
> require a complete spin up of all component drives, or to deal with
> worst case error recovery scenarios. Individual DASD targets, on the
> other hand, should report back within 30 seconds for I/O. None DASD
> targets are all direct, and thus should respect any timeouts set by the
> system (if any).
> Sincerely -- Mark Salyzyn
>>-----Original Message-----
>>From: Vasily Averin [mailto:vvs at sw.ru] 
>>Sent: Tuesday, August 08, 2006 5:48 AM
>>To: Salyzyn, Mark
>>Cc: Markus Lidel; devel at openvz.org
>>Subject: Re: i2o hardware hangs (ASR-2010S)
>>Salyzyn, Mark wrote:
>>>Vasily, it will necessarily be up to you as to whether you switch to
>>>dpt_i2o to get the hardening you require today, or work out 
>>a deal with
>>>Markus to add timeout/reset functionality to the i2o driver.
>>Of course, you are right. Currently our customers have bad 2 
>>- be tolerate to these hangs
>>- if they can't bear it -- replace i2o hardware
>>Therefore first at all I'm going to add third possible 
>>alternative, dpt_i2o driver.
>>Mark, could you please send me latest version of your driver 
>>directly? Or can I
>>probably take it from mainstream?
>>The next task is help Markus in i2o error/reset handler 
>>>My recommendations for the i2o driver reset procedure is to use a
>>>rolling timeout, every new command completion resets the 
>>global timer.
>>>This will allow starved or long commands to process. Once 
>>the timer hits
>>>3 minutes for RAID (Block or SCSI) targets that have multiple
>>>inheritances, 30 seconds for SCSI DASD targets, or some 
>>insmod tunable,
>>>it resets the adapter. I recommend that when we hit ten 
>>seconds, or some
>>>insmod tunable, that we call a card specific health check 
>>routine. I do
>>>not recommend health check polling because we have noticed 
>>a reduction
>>>in Adapter performance in some systems and generic i2o cards would
>>>require a command to check, so that is why I tie it to the 
>>ten seconds
>>>past last completion. For the DPT/Adaptec series of 
>>adapters, it checks
>>>the BlinkLED status (code fragment in dpt_i2o driver at
>>>adpt_read_blink_led), and if set, immediately record the 
>>fact and resets
>>>the adapter. For cards other than the DPT/Adaptec series, I 
>>recommend a
>>>short timeout Get Status request to see if the Firmware is in a run
>>>state and is responsive to this simple command. The reset 
>>code will need
>>>to retry all commands itself, I do not believe the block 
>>system has an
>>>error status that can be used for it to retry the commands. 
>>If the Reset
>>>Iop in the reset adapter code is unresponsive, then the 
>>known targets
>>>need to be placed offline.
>>Sorry, I do not have your big experience in scsi and do not 
>>know nothing in i2o.
>>However are you sure than 3 min is enough for timeout? As far 
>>as I know some
>>scsi commands (for example rewind on tapes) can last during a 
>>very long time.
>>Also I have some other questions but currently I'm not fell 
>>that I'm ready for
>>this discussion.
>>Thank you,
>>	Vasily Averin
>>SWsoft Virtuozzo/OpenVZ Linux kernel team

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